Best Practice Toolkit

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This Best Practice Toolkit (BPT) is a compendium of resources from the CONVERGE project.

The BPT comprises a) the convergence principles, b) four of the main outputs of the CONVERGE project that are specifically designed to be used in learning processes, c) the declarations from two conferences, e) posters that can be placed in learning environments, f) primers for pre-workshop reading, and other tools.

The Convergence Principles

Convergence for sustainability is the progress towards equal opportunities for all people, within biophysical planetary boundaries.

  • In a converging society, every global citizen has the right to a fair share of the Earth’s biocapacity and social resources, to enable him or her to live a fulfilling life.
  • A converging society uses its resources efficiently, recognizing the critical value of services from natural systems and limiting its harmful impacts upon them. It recognizes interdependence amongst human societies and between human societies and nature.
  • A converging society invests positively in human, social and environmental resources; and cares for them, maintains them and restores.

These principles are supplemented with a set of six discussion points to initiate debate in any session. See  D47 - Convergence Principles and Discussion.pdf.

Main outputs from CONVERGE

The following main foreground outputs from the project act as tools, toolkits, examples of best practice. You can  use them to plan and deliver workshops to explore the concept of convergence:

·         WP3:D20 - Working Methodology Report for CONVERGE indicator framework.

·         WP5:D30 - A guide book with a generic template on how to manage a successful community engagement process

·         WP6:D33- The eBook produced by GreenDependent in WP6

·         WP7:D37 - A resource report for communities wishing to engage in convergence.


At two major conferences, one in India and one in the UK we produced ‘Declarations’ as summaries of the thoughts and proposals that arose. You may like to use these as starting points to draw up your own declaration. If you do produce one then please submit it to us.

·         The Tirunelveli Declaration – at the February 2013 International Conference in India a declaration was compiled by the delegates to state the views of the conference and to declare intentions.

·         The Bristol Declaration – at the ‘Bristol and the Sustainable Development Goals’ conference in April 2013 delegates reviewed the Tirunelveli declaration and compiled a similar but different one from the thinking at that conference.


There are a set of posters available that you may wish to print at large scale for any workshop or conference:

  • CONVERGE project (D47 - CONVERGE Project poster.jpg). This poster explains the project, the structure of the various components. It is a general poster that explains the objectives.
  • Convergence (D47 - Convergence poster.pdf). This poster gets into the detailed ideas of contraction and convergence and the problems that occur in trying to extend the idea. It also contains the convergence quadrant model.
  • Rethinking Globalisation (D47 - Poster Rethinking Globalisation.jpg). This is a friendly looking poster that uses maps to demonstrate the issues behind convergence.
  • Rethinking Growth (D47 - Poster Rethinking Growth.pdf). This poster shows that structure of the project and the objectives framed in the context of growth and examples of where convergence is happening.

Primers for convergence workshops

It is always useful to send material to participants before an event so that they come prepared and already familiar with the concepts and language. There are two primers available, both were produced as part of the convergence review and engagement with the Sustainable Development Goals.

·         SDGs Equity within Limits – this is an evaluation and critique of the MDGs it is entitled ‘From the MDGs to the SDGs: The High and Low Politics of Global Development Indicators’ (D47 - SDGs Equity with Limits Converge workshop primer.pdf).

·         SDGs and Cities – this continues the critique of the MDGs and considers the concepts of new goals in the context of city development (D47 - SDGs and Cities Converge workshop primer.pdf).

Other visual tools

There are many pictures and diagrams in the full set of outputs from the project but these two are included specifically in the Best Practice Toolkit.

·         The Quadrant Model picture (D47 - Four quadrants.JPG)

·         The convergence DPSIR model picture (D47 - Convergence DPSIR model.jpg)


Film clips  are also available at